Bangladesh

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Bangladesh has been among the Pacific countries experiencing Monsoon floods and cyclones for a decade and there are currently over 1.9 million children affected by the 2020 Monsoon floods. All vulnerable groups, particularly pregnant women, adolescent girls, elderly women, female with disabilities are disproportionately affected by the dual impact of flood and COVID-19 pandemic.

Conversely, more than two years on, the Rohingya refugee crisis remains a protection and solutions crisis at its core. Psychological distress as a result of traumatic events experienced before and during forced displacement from Myanmar have been exacerbated by the harsh living conditions and additional protection risks to which Rohingya refugees are exposed while displaced in Bangladesh. Rohingya refugee children (55% of all Rohingya refugees) are susceptible to abuse, exploitation, violence, including sexual violence and neglect and the majority needs child protection services.

Bangladesh is composed of two Child Protection Coordination mechanisms to respond to natural disaster and Rohingya emergencies: the National Child Protection Cluster, co-Led by UNICEF and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs and the Child Protection Sub-sector at Cox’s Bazar, led by UNICEF. Both Child Protection Coordination structures support, advice and advocate for timely and standardized prevention and response activities in Child’s best interest, establish links with and strengthen national child protection systems and promote actions that place children at the centre of the response.

Country Key Contacts

Krissie Hayes

Coordinator/Cox's Bazar krhayes@unicef.org

Parmita Sarkar

Information Management Officer psarkar@unicef.org

Irene Tumwebaze

Coordinator ('double hatting')/Bangladesh itumwebaze@unicef.org

Morshed Bilal Khan

Coordinator/Bangladesh mbkhan@unicef.org

Monjur E Ahmed

Information Management Officer/Bangladesh monjahmed@unicef.org

Key Figures

2020 response plan in numbers

279,400
People in Need
279,400
People Targeted
24 M
Funding Requested
6.2 M
Funding Received
0
Rohingya refugee children targeted
0
Bangladeshi children targeted

Country Overview

Humanitarian Situation

Asia and the Pacific are the world’s most disaster-prone region, vulnerable to both sudden and slow-onset disaster, including earthquakes, typhoons/cyclones, flooding and droughts. Bangladesh has been among the Pacific countries experiencing Monsoon floods and cyclones for a decade and currently experiencing Monsson floods. According to the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team’s (HCTT) and the report of the Bangladeshi National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) 4.7 million people were affected. Further, over 1.9 million children have been affected and reported 122 deaths as a result of injuries (98 due to drowning), 308,325 women, 239,040 boy and 245,344 and girls. 

All vulnerable groups, particularly pregnant women, adolescent girls, elderly women, female with disabilities are disproportionately affected by the dual impact of flood and COVID-19 pandemic. The pre-existing vulnerabilities of these groups are further aggravated by the disruption in livelihood, household food insecurity, damage to households and assets, displacement, damage to WASH facilities, access to public services including education and health and social distancing measures imposed as prevention for COVID-19. Around 25,377 women are living in shelters and will do so over a prolonged period.

Conversely, more than two years on, the Rohingya refugee crisis remains a protection and solutions crisis at its core. Psychological distress as a result of traumatic events experienced before and during forced displacement from Myanmar have been further exacerbated by the harsh living conditions and additional protection risks to which Rohingya refugees are exposed while displaced in Bangladesh. Rohingya refugee children are susceptible to abuse, exploitation, violence, including sexual violence and neglect. They represent 55 percent of all Rohingya refugees and the majority of whom need child protection services.

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