In recent months, the security and humanitarian situation has rapidly deteriorated in the North, Centre-North, Sahel, Boucle du Mouhoun and Eastern Burkina Faso. This deterioration has led to a substantial increase in internal displacement and worsened the already very limited access to basic social services in a context of extreme poverty in these localities. While insecurity has been gradually increasing since 2015, the year 2019 has been particularly violent, causing an unprecedented increase in humanitarian needs.
The Government of Burkina Faso has a National Multi-Risk Contingency Plan for Disaster Preparedness and Response, a reference framework that allows for better coordination of the responses of the various sectors in emergency situations. However, owing to the low level of attention paid to child protection in emergencies, it had become necessary, from September 2018, to set up a sub-working group for child protection in emergencies within the Working Group.
This group, which became an area of responsibility following the activation of the Protection Cluster in December 2019, aims to ensure better supervision of the coordination framework for operational responses by humanitarian actors in Burkina Faso to meet the challenges identified in the sector.
2021 Response plan in numbers
Burkina Faso faces a rapidly deteriorating humanitarian situation. Attacks by non-state armed groups increased dramatically in 2019 and continued in 2020. More civilians are being targeted or threatened. As of 23 August 2020, the country had recorded 337 security incidents since the start of the year, causing 575 civilian casualties, including 28 children. As a result, new waves of displacement continue in several regions. According to CONASUR, as of November 10, 2020, the country has registered 1,049,767 IDPs of which 55% are children (0-14 years) and nearly 53% female. The number of IDP children increased from 300,000 as of December 9, 2019 to 534,894 as of November 10, 2020. 22% of IDPs live with host families with access to health care, water, sanitation, hygiene and child protection services are inadequate. The most affected regions are the Center-North, followed by the Sahel, the North, the East, the Center-East and the Boucle de Mouhoun. In addition to the security situation, the country is also facing flooding due to torrential rains and events that have exacerbated the situation of the already precarious population. In 2020, at least 106,228 including 60,433 children were affected by floods and strong winds causing 41 deaths, 112 injuries and 12,378 residential houses destroyed. In addition, although the country has been slightly impacted so far by the COVID-19 pandemic, the risk exists and could have serious health and social consequences if it were to strike the populations affected by the crisis. safe.