Part of the Protection Cluster, the UN activated the Child Protection Sub-Cluster (CP AoR) in Iraq in September 2014, not long after the L3 declaration. With that activation, UNICEF assumed its role as Child Protection AoR Lead for Iraq. Save the Children assumed its role as Child Protection AoR co-Lead.

Country Key Contacts

Nawres A. Mahmood


Hadar Nabaty

Information Management Officer

key Figures

2020 Response plan in numbers

1.64 M
People in Need
People Targeted
38.9 M
Funding Requested
Funding Received

Country Overview

Humanitarian situation

Iraq is a country in transition. The formal conclusion of major military operations against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in late 2017 paved the way for millions of displaced Iraqis to return home. But returns have slowed since 2018 as the country grapples with post-conflict realities. Intercommunal and societal tensions persist on multiple fronts, political upheavals and natural disasters risk exacerbating existing humanitarian needs, and the spectre of armed conflict and renewed displacement lingers.

The 2020 Iraq Humanitarian Needs Overview highlighted how the impact of the 2014-2017 conflict with ISIL continues to affect the physical and mental well-being, living standards and capacity for resilience and recovery of millions of Iraqis, while also exposing them to significant protection concerns. An estimated 1.46 million people face critical problems related to physical and mental well-being, almost half of whom are children.

The most critical problems aggravating the physical and mental well-being of people needing prioritization in the current humanitarian response relate to (1) inability to meet basic needs; (2) lack of access to basic services; and (3) lack of safe and secure environments. The main drivers behind these critical problems are related to physical and psychological injuries sustained due to exposure to violence or explosive ordnance; protracted displacement of populations both in and out of camps in critical shelter, exposed to harsh weather and unsafe living conditions; and lack of livelihoods opportunities catalysing the use of negative coping mechanisms, including child labour, child marriage and sexual exploitation, which directly affect the well-being of affected populations.

2020 CP AoR response strategy

Child Protection Sub-Cluster partners will target 589,275 individuals in 30 districts.

  • Child protection partners will revise the strategy for the urban community-based programme model, with a minimum capacity building package for community-based groups. This strategy includes evidence-based psychosocial modules and standardized evaluation tools, revision of Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) for case management, endorsement of the Information Sharing Protocol (ISP), and piloting of the web-based case management platform.
  • Advocacy for children’s civil documentation, including birth certificates, at governorate and national levels will be further promoted.

2019 Key Figures


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