Myanmar

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The national Child Protection Working Group (CPWG) has been established in Yangon in March 2014 under the leadership of UNICEF. The CPWG feed into and support the broader work of the UNHCR-led Protection Sector, and cooperates closely with other relevant sectors and sub-working groups within the overall humanitarian architecture in Myanmar.
The CPWG is seeking to support prioritization of child protection activities within the overall humanitarian response, to enhance predictable and effective programming, and to ensure that quality standards are uphold by actors addressing issues faced by children, including in recognizing the different needs of boys and girls and the requirement of gender- and age appropriate services.

Country Key Contacts

Martha Kyakilika

Coordinator (national level) mkyakilika@unicef.org

Shakeela Ellahi

Coordinator (Rakhine State) sellahi@unicef.org

G Yin

Coordinator (Shan) gying@unicef.org

Khet Mar

Coordinator (Kachin) kmar@unicef.org

Key Figures

2020 Response plan in numbers

380,000
People in Need
240,000
People Targeted
8.3 M
Funding Requested
3.3 M
Funding Received

Country Overview

Humanitarian situation

The humanitarian situation in several areas of Myanmar remains complex and challenging. Needs are driven by factors including armed conflict, inter-communal violence, and vulnerability to natural hazards. The situation is aggravated by chronic poverty, protracted displacement, food insecurity, limited social support networks, and underlying inequalities including statelessness, segregation, discrimination, and gender disparities.

Conflict continues to be the main driver of humanitarian needs, with civilian populations in Kachin, northern Shan, Rakhine, Chin and Kayin states exposed to significant protection risks that threaten their dignity, physical and mental wellbeing and living standards. While the drivers of and underlying factors behind humanitarian needs and consequences have impacted all crisis-affected people to varying degrees in Kachin, northern Shan, Rakhine, Chin and Kayin states, specific population groups and locations have been more severely affected than others. Townships in Rakhine State, which hosts most of the people in need (76 per cent of the total), are the most severely affected when compared to other states (although all locations have pockets of extreme need). Among the four population groups listed below, IDPs and the stateless (in Rakhine) are generally the worstaffected groups. 

69 per cent of the displaced people are women and children. They remain in camps or camp-like situations in Kachin, Shan, Rakhine, Chin and Kayin states. In addition, there are other particularly vulnerable people who continue to require special attention or support because of different factors including, inter alia, armed conflict, statelessness, movement restrictions, malnutrition and severe psychological distress.

Child protection priorities and response strategy
  • Objective 1: Improve access to inclusive protection services to crisis-affected people
    The Child Protection sub-sector will increase access to quality integrated support services for children and adolescents, tailored to their needs (gender, age and disability), with special focus on survivors of child abuse and exploitation, conflict affected children, and unaccompanied and separated children.
  • Objective 2: Protection environment for crisis-affected people is improved by mitigating threats to mental wellbeing, physical and legal safety.
    Child protection actors will strive to strengthen community-led child protection mechanisms. Partners will focus on empowering children and adolescents, the local community, schools and alternative care providers as part of measures to prevent and respond to child abuse and child rights violations. Partners will also focus on organizing quality group activities for well-being of children, adolescents, and parents and caregivers.
  • Objective 3: Durable solutions for IDPs are promoted and realized in line with international protection standards.
    The Child Protection sub-sector will invest in a robust wellcoordinated localization strategy; equipping and engaging local actors wherever feasible to achieve sustainable impact of the child protection in emergencies programming.

2019 Key Figures

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