The National CP AoR in Mozambique is being guided by the National Protection Cluster ToR where CP and GBV have been incorporated and meetings are held jointly. In 2019, two field AoR were activated in Beira (Sofala Province) and Pemba (Cabo Delgado Province), responding to cyclone Kenneth and Idai. For 2020, while the field AoR in Sofala is being de-activated and transitioning to government leadership, the response is still on going for the armed conflict situation in Cabo Delgado and for the Covid-19 pandemic.
2021 Response plan in numbers | Cabo Delgado
The crisis in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, has rapidly escalated as a result of conflict, insecurity and violence, leaving an estimated 1.3 million people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance and protection in 2021. Attacks by non-state armed groups expanded geographically and increased in intensity in 2020, significantly heightening protection risks, especially for women and girls, people with disabilities, older persons and people living with HIV/AIDS. Reports of violations against civilians, including killings, beheadings and kidnappings, increased in 2020. The number of people displaced by the crisis more than quadrupled from March (over 110,400) to November 2020 (nearly 530,000), with children accounting for an estimated 45 per cent of people displaced. More than 90 per cent of displaced people are staying with family and friends in host communities’ whose already meagre resources are being strained by the growing influxes: in Ibo district, there are now more IDPs than host community members; in Pemba city, more than 100,000 displaced people have arrived over the past year, on top of the original population of around 224,000 people. Meanwhile, 10 per cent of displaced people are staying in collective sites which are overcrowded, lack privacy, and have limited access to safe shelter, water and sanitation. This is contributing to protection risks, including gender-based violence, rising numbers of child and teen pregnancies, and increased exposure to exploitation and negative coping mechanisms, including transactional sex.
Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Education services across Cabo Delgado—which were already stretched—have been significantly impacted by the escalating violence. Insecurity has damaged or destroyed 36 per cent of health facilities across Cabo Delgado province and there are no functional health facilities in the districts hardest-hit by conflict (Mocimboa da Praia, Macomia, Muidumbe and Quissanga). This has reduced capacity to detect and respond to disease outbreaks, including cholera, measles and COVID-19, and to provide critical care, such as sexual and reproductive healthcare, immunization activities, access to anti-retrovirals (ARVs) and treatment for tuberculosis (TB). At the same time, an estimated 176,000 people have lost access to their primary water source due to disruption of services from centralized water supply networks as a result of conflict. Lack of access to safe water and hygiene facilities is a major concern and heightens the risk of disease outbreaks: 45 per cent of health facilities in Cabo Delgado lack access to water and 85 per cent of schools lack adequate hygiene facilities.
In 2021, humanitarian partners will require $254.4 million to assist nearly 1.1 million people out of an estimated 1.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Cabo Delgado and neighbouring provinces in Mozambique. This represents a significant increase from the $35.5 million requested under the Rapid Response Plan developed for Cabo Delgado in May 2020, which is commensurate with the manifold increase in humanitarian needs from the beginning to the end of 2020.
In order to galvanize targeted resources and action to respond to the most severe needs in the country, the 2021 Mozambique Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) focuses solely on the three northern provinces affected by conflict, violence, insecurity and displacement: Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. Within these provinces, humanitarian partners will implement multi-sectoral responses for people displaced by the violence and vulnerable host communities in need of protection, food security, nutritional support and access to safe water, health care, education and shelter.
Humanitarian partners have jointly agreed on three Strategic Objectives that will guide the humanitarian response in Mozambique throughout 2021:
Strategic Objective 1: Life-saving - Save lives and alleviate suffering through safe, equitable, gender-sensitive and principled intersectoral assistance to the most vulnerable groups, including those displaced, directly impacted host communities and non-displaced populations.
Strategic Objective 2: Life-sustaining - Enhance timely and adapted access to essential services, including basic services, livelihoods and assistance that will strength the resilience of people impacted by the crisis.
Strategic Objective 3: Protection (Cross-cutting) -Address the protection risks and needs of affected people—including gender-based violence and child rights violations—and strengthen the protection environment in northern Mozambique through collective and intersectoral action to protect women and girls, men and boys.