In Haiti, the deteriorating economic and political conditions and widespread social unrest have had unprecedented humanitarian consequences, and the intensification of humanitarian needs is a symptom of structural fragility, a precarious economic and social system and a lack of resilience to shocks. These needs are reflected in a significant increase in food insecurity and malnutrition, and limited access to basic services such as education, health and water, hygiene and sanitation. Violence, particularly against The number of child labour and gender-based labour has also increased worryingly.

Country Key Contacts

Geslet Bordes

Coordinator gbordes@unicef.org

Key Figures

2020 Response plan in numbers

People in Need
People Targeted
8.5 million
Funding Requested
Funding Received

Country Overview

Humanitarian situation

In 2019, Haiti suffered a deepening political and socioeconomic crisis. The resignation of the former Government in March 2019 led to a slowdown or halt of Government action and public services, as well as to a suspension of bilateral investment and support. The economic situation deteriorated and inflation rose. The price of a basic food basket – rice, wheat flour, maize, beans, sugar and vegetable oil, representing 1,870 kilocalories per day – increased by 34 per cent compared with the beginning of the year. The crisis has impacted education, as schools were forced to close at different periods of the school year, affecting about 2 million children. 

Child protection priorities and response strategy

The Child Protection sub-sector focuses on separated and unaccompanied minors in emergency situations. Protection consists of temporary care through a range of holistic services, including case management, psychosocial support, family tracing and reunification, and reintegration into school. Family tracing is carried out through community networks, CBOs and State technical services, in particular the Institute for Social Welfare and Research (IBESR). Family reunification takes into account mediation and preparation of the family in order to enable the child to return to a protective environment that guarantees respect for his or her fundamental rights. Concerning children for whom the conditions for family reunification are not met, Other protective measures are taken, such as placement in a foster family, in cooperation with the State bodies mandated for the protection of children.

Children affected by humanitarian situations are at high risk of violence, including gender-based violence. The Child Protection sub-sector offers Multisectoral, age- and gender-sensitive services including case management, psychosocial support, medical assistance and reintegration into school as needed individual. In addition, the sub-sector will support psychosocial activities such as recreational activities and self-help groups in safe spaces. Through these activities, cases of specific vulnerabilities will be identified, referred and addressed. Measures will be taken to maximize the participation of both girls and boys, including those with special needs.

Other Resources

Haiti Earthquake: Five Years On

January 12th, 2010, marked a particularly tragic day in Haiti’s history. The effects of the earthquake on the country’s already i...


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